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Gum disease

What Is Periodontal Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissue. It is commonly referred to as periodontal disease. If not treated, it can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Bad breath/halitosis
  • Bleeding gums
  • Gum recession
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • What Causes Gum Disease?

    Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup and bacteria due to a lack of effective brushing and flossing. The plaque and bacteria lead to toxins and poison.

    By scheduling regular dental check-ups (preventative dentistry) at Total Dental Care, gum disease can be avoided. If you do have early stage gum disease, it can be treated before it leads to a much more serious condition.

    The Health Risks

    Active gum infections like periodontitis allow bacteria to transfer from your mouth to elsewhere in the body. Research shows that untreated gum disease can increase the severity of health conditions like diabetes, pneumonia, stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure and preeclampsia. It can also interfere with a couple’s ability to conceive.

    By treating your oral infection, you’re boosting your immune system and making it easier for your body to effectively manage underlying conditions.

    What Are The Stages Of Gum Disease?

    Illustration of the stages of gum diseaseThe early stages of gum disease are called gingivitis. If you have gingivitis you would probably notice some bleeding during teeth brushing. If you notice bleeding when you brush, make an appointment to see us straightaway. At this early stage, it is easy to treat as the bone has not yet been affected.

    Think about it; if your hands bled every time you washed them, you would not ignore it. So if the problem happens in your mouth, don’t ignore it. Make an appointment.

    If the gum disease is not treated, it can progress to the next irreversible stage called periodental. The infection damages the bone and the tissue that connects the gum to the roots of the tooth.

    If gum disease is not treated, the infection will get worse and in time, the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw dissolves, making the teeth loose. Eventually, the teeth will fall out or need to be removed.

    If your gum disease progresses to periodontal disease, it is irreversible. Regular dental check-ups are important.

    Preventing Periodontitis

    Gum disease is usually a preventable condition. Daily oral hygiene (including flossing) habits are crucial. Cleaning along your gums and under the gum lines between your teeth will prevent plaque from calcifying into tartar, which harbours periodontal bacteria.

    The earliest stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis. With good brushing and flossing, gingivitis symptoms can usually be reversed within two weeks. If symptoms don’t improve, you likely have a more serious form of gum disease.

    Schedule Your Visit

    If you suspect a problem with your gums, or if you’re in need of a dental check-up, we’re here for you. Contact our Maroubra dental office today to book your visit and begin the process of a healthier, happier smile. Get started now!
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    * Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding, you should seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.


    Gum Disease Treatment Maroubra NSW | (02) 9344 4433